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How to Use the Seven Elements of Interior Design?

How to Use the Seven Elements of Interior Design?

What comes to your mind when you think of interior design? Though many would say creativity, there is a lot of science connected to it. Professional interior designers always follow the rules based on elements and principles while creating an interior. The interior design elements are space, form, line, light, texture, pattern, and color. These elements enhance the appearance of the place and also increase its functionality. A professional diploma in interior design course in Chennai teaches how to appropriately use the seven basic elements to create an appealing and pleasant interior space. This article discusses the basic elements of interior design elaborately.

Three Design Elements You Will Learn in Diploma in Interior Design Course in Chennai


Space is the first element in interior design. The challenge with every space is not to make it look overcrowded and underwhelming at the same time. Any qualified diploma in interior design course in Chennai will educate the candidates to look at the space from a two and three-dimensional perspective. The length and width of the room is the two-dimensional space which is the basic aspect to start organizing the room with furniture. In order to fill a room with the right interiors, one must consider the functionality, room for foot traffic, and space to move around. The room's height from the floor to the ceiling is a three-dimensional space. This space can be left empty or filled with the right interiors depending on the client's expectations.

Space can be further classified into negative and positive space. The negative space is the empty space between objects, whereas the positive space is the space that contains the objects. In order to avoid overcrowding in any room, it is necessary to make the negative and positive spaces well-balanced. Minimalist designs will have more negative spaces. A highly specialized diploma in interior design course in Chennai provides students with simple hacks on making a room appear bigger by creating illusions with the basic elements.

Interior Decoration & Design

Colour is an essential element that determines how the entire interior design looks. It creates the mood and alters the perception of space size. There is a psychology behind colour which should not be underestimated as it can stimulate a psychological response in the body by evoking memories and stirring emotions. To be more precise, blues and greens entice a calm feeling and thus are suitable for bedrooms. But red is ideal for the kitchen as it entices appetite. A diploma in interior design course in Chennai teaches its students to decide on colours by considering how the lighting affects the place during night and day. Interior designers should consider the size of the space before concluding on colours as lighter and brighter colours give an illusion as though the space is huge. In contrast, darker colours will work great for larger spaces by offering a powerful dimension to them.

Light can be either natural or man-made. Without light, the rest of the elements cannot impart an enticing look. Light can be divided into:

  • Defined purpose lighting or task lighting
  • Emphasizing objects lighting or accent lighting
  • Adding ambiance lighting or mood lighting

A professional diploma in interior design course in Chennai teaches how to create a versatile space by varying light intensity. A dim light usually accentuates the space, whereas natural lighting will create a bright and active environment.

A Diploma in Interior Design Course in Chennai Teaches About Line & Form

Lines can be horizontal, vertical, and dynamic, and they define a room by shaping it as per the client's requirement. Lines are created in a space with structural designs and furnishings. A horizontal line creates a sense of efficiency, stability, and formality and makes a room appear longer and wider. In comparison, vertical lines are developed with doorways and windows and invoke a sense of strength and freedom. By accentuating the vertical lines, the room appears to look taller. Dynamic lines are zigzag, curved, and diagonal lines that capture one's attention by providing movement and energy. A diploma in interior design course in Chennai teaches to incorporate different lines in a single space to create a visually appealing interior.

Form refers to the shape of the room and the objects present in it. It relates to anything three-dimensional and can be either natural or geometrical. Geometric forms are square edges and hard lines in a space. Adding similarly shaped forms in a place will create balance and harmony. A good diploma in interior design course in Chennai helps create a pleasing design by scaling the room and proportionately arranging the objects.

An Insight Into the Elements of Texture & Pattern

The texture is the surface and finish of an object. It can be coarse, glossy, and smooth. Just like colour, textures provide a sense of depth to a place. The texture is incorporated from furniture to accessories and is responsible for offering a unique dimension to the room. There are two forms of textures, namely:

  • Visual texture
  • Actual texture

Visual texture is the one that is perceived by the eye, whereas actual texture is felt and has a 3D characteristic. A professional diploma in interior design course in Chennai teaches its candidates to emphasize the space by adding contrast with textures.

Patterns are commonly found in rugs, wallpapers, and other soft furnishings. Types of patterns are stripes, organic, motif, and geometric prints. Considering the style and size of the room is essential before implementing a pattern. Creating vertical and horizontal line patterns will create an illusion that the space is long and wide. On the contrary, complex patterns with contrasting colours will brighten up the place. Bigger patterns look great in larger spaces as they create a focal point. A diploma in interior design course in Chennai educates students on ways to use patterns in a balanced manner and bring a room to life.

The Takeaway
With the elements mentioned above, you must be thinking about the intricacy involved in designing a lively space. DOT School of Design offers the best design course in Chennai with the most experienced staff and teaches the essential skills for designing interiors with a unique approach like no other design school. Talk to us today to know more about the admission procedures.

DOT School of Design
10/7, 3rd Main road,
Off Chennai Bypass Road,
Ambattur Industrial Estate -
South Phase, Chennai - 600058
An institute under RM M EDUCATIONAL TRUST
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