Have you ever looked around at the various coloured fabrics in clothing stores? Have you ever wondered who decides whether cloth will be made of cotton or wool or how some fabric feels soft? Did you say, fashion designer? No, they are textile designers.Textiles are anything that is made up of fibres of fabrics. Textile designing is the process of progressing and producing a fabric’s appearance and structure. It is the creation of designs or patterns that appear on knitted and printed fabrics keeping in the mind the types of fabric and its use. It includes a textile structure that is deciding what kind of fibres a textile should be made of or what kind of threads to weave together for a specific look and feel or create a pattern. They also specify the dyeing method, the use of dyes to colour fibres, or fabric surface to get the desired effect.
Fabrics are used in the apparel industry to manufacture clothes and accessories, for domestic purposes like table cloths, bedspreads, curtains, towels, cushion covers, and home décors. Hence prints play an important role in selecting a fabric. This is where a textile designer comes into the scene. Some of the famous influential textile designers are Terence Conran, Lucienne Day, William Morris, Raoul Dufy, Cath Kidston, etc. Top textile designing companies so far are Marimekko, Oliveira textiles, Moody Monday, the style council, Mabrouk, etc.
To enter this field, you can pursue graduation in textile designing after class 12th, form any stream followed by post-graduation courses. Depending on the design institutes you may have to clear entrance exam to seek admission for this course. Some institutes also offer diploma courses in textile designing which can be pursued after class 12th
Along with the required education qualification you also need to have knowledge of yarn making, dyeing techniques, weaving, understanding and knowledge about different types of looms, knitting machines, a printing process which includes blocks, stencils, roller, silkscreens. You also need to have certain personality traits like an eye for detail, creative communication skills.
Career prospects are available in designing studios, cottage, and small-scale industries. Khadi, hand-loom, jute, and craft development organizations, fashion garments or export units, textile designing, and printing units, textile mills, textile manufacturing units, teaching or you can also work as a freelancer. Traditionally, textile designers dealt only with colours, patterns, and materials aesthetics. But nowadays, textile designers are including in the sourcing trend forecasting, marketing, and even branding of fabrics.
Textile designing is an integral part of the fashion industry adapting to changing customer needs, the latest technologies, providing timely outputs, and understanding market demands are some mundane responsibilities of a fabric designer. To conclude the world of textile designing is not just limited to creating patterns and colours for fabrics anymore, a designer can now specialize in colours of fabrics anymore, a designer can now specialize in colour, computer designs, creating single templates like pictures, textile art and so on. If you are a creative thinker and like drawing then textile designing can be considered by you.